Why A Piano Needs Tuning

Posted on: Wednesday, May 4th, 2016  In: Blog
Pianos go out of tune no matter their age and kind, as a matter of course. Due to layout, a piano that’s not even played from one month (or year!) to another, will sit and slowly go out  over a time period.

Why does my piano go out of tune?
It may be a surprise to understand the combined tension of the strings in a piano, dependent on kind and the make, can be anywhere from 15 to 20  tons. The strings are stretched across a wooden soundboard made from spruce and are held in place by the iron framework. This can be like a big, flexible diaphragm that vibrates to amplify the sound of the strings.
One property of wood is that it takes in and gives out tiny quantities of moisture in accordance with the encircling humidity and temperature of the room, all the time. So, soundboards experience microscopic movements contract, and as they swell, as they take in and give humidity out. This causes the strings to move down and up, which, coupled to the significant tensions involved, slowly causes them to go out of tune.

This can be the only one significant variable that influences the tuning stability of a piano not or whether it’s used. Other important factors include: age, brand, environment and condition.\
Many older pianos are not constructed with modern, centrally heated houses. The woods weren’t seasoned for modern amounts of temperature and humidity, causing them to dry over a long time. This may lead to the tuning pins becoming loose among other issues, which impacts tuning equilibrium. Placement next to an air vent or in direct sun, as an example, can also cause adverse effects. Significant lengthy use will cause the strings to be knocked out’ of pitch more easily.

What variables influence the longevity of my piano?
A piano consists of some 5,000 to 12,000 parts. The quality of the design and building, and the parts used in manufacture help determine its lifespan.
Instruments tuned twice a year can go on for 50,70 years, or more.  This can be longer or shorter for several reasons, including:

• the quality of the piano (substance quality, build quality etc.)
• the regularity of care
• how often the piano is played
• the climatic conditions in which it’s kept.


How often should my piano be serviced and tuned?
Twice annual tuning is normally recommended by the industry for a typical piano. This enables the ideal maintenance with no lowering of the pitch.
Any piano should, nevertheless, be tuned annually at the least to give it any possibility of being kept to a fair standard.

Together with piano tuning, there are other servicing components within a piano which additionally need regular consideration. In the exact same manner we’ve our automobiles serviced due to damage, the mechanism of a piano can also be a system of moving parts that can go out of alignment and wear. This may lead to unevenness of both tone and the touch, in addition to general functioning that becomes less responsive.

This means there are three primary variables in functioning and the functionality of a piano which need regular consideration:

• tuning, touch and tone

If the piano just isn’t tuned on a regular basis pitch will drop. Enviornment will greatly determine how frequently tuning is needed as mentioned already, but annually is recommended. Along with those items mentioned old instruments may need more routine tuning.

The mechanism of a piano is called the piano action, and the procedure for setting up this right is called regulation. (This is like setting up a car engine, which ironically is called “tuning”!) Quantity of use, the quality of the instrument, and changes in its surroundings, will determine how frequently the piano action should be regulated. On average this is required about every five years or less for a great deal of playing.

Skillful voicing of the hammers can remedy unevenness of tone to give a great overall sound. This is additionally subject to the quality of the piano and the tuning and especially the hammer felt. On musician’s pianos and concert instruments this is done on an incredibly routine basis. For  non pro use pianos, voicing can be done when the piano tone seems uneven.

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